Harold Hamm Oklahoma Diabetes Center

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Diabetes in Oklahoma

•Almost 278,000 adult Oklahomans have diabetes.
•Another 113,400 are estimated to have undiagnosed diabetes.
•Approximately 678,300 have some form of impaired glucose intolerance (pre-diabetes). 
•This represents 39% of Oklahoma’s population.
•65.1% of Oklahomans are either overweight (with a body mass index [BMI] >25) or obese (BMI>30).
•12% of Oklahoma children with diabetes have Type 2 diabetes.
•2.1% of Oklahoma’s 18- to 24-year -old group has diabetes.  This compares with the national rate of 1% for this age group.
•Diabetes shortens the average life expectancy by up to 15 years.
•In fact, diabetes or its complications is the 4th leading cause of death in Oklahoma. 
•The principal cause of early death in people with diabetes is cardiovascular disease (CVD).  CVD is 5 times more likely in the presence of diabetes, and 2 times as likely in the presence of pre-diabetes.
•Diabetes is the leading cause of end-stage kidney disease and of non-traumatic lower extremity amputations.
•Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness among adults ages 20 to 74.  As of 2007, there were 59,400 persons with diabetic retinopathy in Oklahoma.
•$3.3 billion – Total costs of diagnosed diabetes in the in Oklahoma in 2007.  It is expected to double by 2012.
•Nearly 400,000 American Indians live in Oklahoma; they are more than twice as likely to have diabetes as non-Hispanic whites of similar age.