Harold Hamm Oklahoma Diabetes Center

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Type 2 Prevention & Treatment


Even if diabetes runs in your family, healthy lifestyle choices including diet and exercise can help you prevent the disease. And if you’ve already been diagnosed with diabetes, the same healthy lifestyle choices can help you prevent potentially serious complications.

Eat healthy foods. Choose foods low in fat and calories. Focus on fruits, vegetables and whole grains. For every 1,000 calories you consume, try to have at least 14 grams of fiber, because fiber helps control blood sugar levels.

Also, get more physical activity. 30 minutes of moderate physical activity a day, whether it be a brisk daily walk, a bike ride or a swim is very helpful. If you can’t fit in a long workout, break it up into smaller sessions spread throughout the day.

┬áIf you’re overweight, losing 5 to 10 percent of your body weight can reduce the risk of diabetes. To keep your weight in a healthy range, focus on permanent changes to your eating and exercise habits.


While Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease that once diagnosed, you will most likely have to manage for life, you and your physician can work together to control your blood sugar, which can help reduce your risk for type 2 diabetes complications.

Managing type 2 diabetes over months and years can mean making changes in your treatment plan. Diet and physical activity may control your blood sugar at first, but you may need to take medicine down the road. Over time, may need to change medicines, or add medicines, to keep your blood sugar under control. You may even need to use insulin.

Remember, you play a major role in controlling your blood sugar and helping to prevent complications. With time, the lifestyle changes and treatments your doctor suggests can become a regular part of your routine. Support from family, friends and your healthcare team can help you deal with diabetes long-term.